Nidhi company registration
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Nidhi company registration
Nidhi Companies which are also known as mutual benefit companies are formed for the purpose of inculcating habits of savings in its members. Thus primary motive of registration of Nidhi companies is to develop habit in its members to save more money. Nidhi companies can take deposit sum from its members and repay it back with some interest. Apart from taking deposits from members, nidhi companies can also operate lockers like banks and can extend loans to its members. But, Indian Company Act, 2013 and Nidhi rules 2014 put a lot of restrictions on working of Nidhi companies. Thus, it comes becomes to know all those provisions, which are mentioned in Nidhi rules, 2014 and Company act, 2013. Some of important provisions both of the legislation are reproduced as follows:
Guidelines for Nidhi Companies
Nidhi Rules, 2014, Special Provisions relating to Nidhi Companies in Company Act, 2013
A. What to do?????
(What a nidhi company is mandatorily required to do, what it must do???)
- Within ninety days from the close of the first financial year after its incorporation and where applicable, the second financial year, Nidhi shall file a return of statutory compliances in Form NDH-1 along with such fee as provided in Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014 with the Registrar duly certified by a company secretary in practice or a chartered accountant in practice or a cost accountant in practice.
- Every Nidhi shall issue equity shares of the nominal value of not less than ten rupees each.
- Every Nidhi shall allot to each deposit holder at least a minimum of ten equity shares or shares equivalent to one hundred rupees.
Exception: (Provided that a savings account holder and a recurring deposit account holder shall hold at least one equity share of rupees ten.)
- Every Nidhi shall ensure that its membership is not reduced to less than two hundred members at any time.
- Every Nidhi shall maintain Net Owned Funds (excluding the proceeds of any preference share
capital) of not less than ten lakh rupees or such higher amount as the Central Government may specify from time to time.
- Nidhi shall not accept deposits exceeding twenty times of its Net Owned Funds (NOF) as per its last audited financial statements.
- Every Nidhi shall invest and continue to keep invested, in unencumbered term deposits with a Scheduled commercial bank (other than a co-operative bank or a regional rural bank), or post office deposits in its own name an amount which shall not be less than ten per cent of the deposits outstanding at the close of business on the last working day of the second preceding month:
Exception: (Provided that in cases of unforeseen commitments, temporary withdrawal may be permitted with the prior approval of the Regional Director for the purpose of repayment to depositors, subject to such conditions and time limit which may be specified by the Regional Director to ensure restoration of the prescribed limit of ten per cent.)
- Nidhi shall charge the same rate of interest on the borrowers in respect of the same class of loans.
- The rates of interest of all classes of loans shall be prominently displayed on the notice board at the registered office and each branch office of Nidhi.
- a. The Notes on the financial statements of a year shall disclose-
(i) the total amount of provisions, if any, to be made on account of income reversal and non-performing assets remaining unrealised;
(ii) the cumulative amount provided till the previous year;
(iii) the amount provided in the current year; and
(iv) the balance amount to be provided.
b.Such disclosure shall continue to be made until the entire amount to be
provided has been provided for.
- In respect of loans against gold or jewellery:
(a) the aggregate amount of loan outstanding against the security of gold or jewellery shall either be recovered or renewed within three months from the due date of repayment;
(b) if the loan is not recovered or renewed and the security is not sold within the aforesaid period of three months, the company shall make provision in the current year’s financial statements to the extent of unrealised amount or the aggregate outstanding amount of loan including interest as applicable;
(c) no income shall be recognised on such loans outstanding after the expiry of the three months period specified in (a) above or sale of gold or jewellery, whichever is earlier; and
(d) the loan to value ratio shall not exceed 80 per cent.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this rule, the term ‘loan to value ratio’ means the ratio between the amount of loan given and the value of gold or jewellery against which such loan is given.
B. What not to do?????
(What a nidhi company is not supposed to do, what it can not do???)
- On and after the commencement of the Act, no Nidhi shall issue preference shares.
- If the failure to comply with sub-rule (1) of this rule extends beyond the second financial year, Nidhi shall not accept any further deposits from the commencement of the second financial year till it complies with the provisions contained in C (1) besides being liable for penal consequences as provided in the Act.
- No Nidhi shall—
- carry on the business of chit fund, hire purchase finance, leasing finance, insurance or acquisition of securities issued by any body corporate;
- issue preference shares, debentures or any other debt instrument by any name or in any form whatsoever;
- open any current account with its members;
- acquire another company by purchase of securities or control the composition of the Board of Directors of any other company in any manner whatsoever or enter into any arrangement for the change of its management, unless it has passed a special resolution in its general meeting and also obtained the previous approval of the Regional Director having jurisdiction over such Nidhi;
- carry on any business other than the business of borrowing or lending in its own name:
(Provided that Nidhis which have adhered to all the provisions of these rules may provide locker facilities on rent to its members subject to the rental income from such facilities not exceeding twenty per cent of the gross income of the Nidhi at any point of time during a financial year.)
F. accept deposits from or lend to any person, other than its members;
G. pledge any of the assets lodged by its members as security;
H. take deposits from or lend money to any body corporate;
I. enter into any partnership arrangement in its borrowing or lending activities;
J. issue or cause to be issued any advertisement in any form for soliciting deposit:
Exception: (Provided that private circulation of the details of fixed deposit Schemes among the members of the Nidhi carrying the words “for private circulation to members only” shall not be considered to be an advertisement for soliciting deposits.)
K. pay any brokerage or incentive for mobilising deposits from members or for deployment of funds or for granting loans.
- No service charge shall be levied for issue of shares.
- A Nidhi shall not admit a body corporate or trust as a member.
- Nidhi shall not declare dividend exceeding twenty five per cent or such higher amount as may be specifically approved by the Regional Director for reasons to be recorded in writing.
- A minor shall not be admitted as a member of Nidhi:
Exception: (Provided that deposits may be accepted in the name of a minor, if they are made by the natural or legal guardian who is a member of Nidhi.)
C. Genaral conditions relating to operation of Nidhi companies:
- Every Nidhi shall, within a period of one year from the commencement of these rules, ensure that it has—
- not less than two hundred members;
- Net Owned Funds of ten lakh rupees or more;
- unencumbered term deposits of not less than ten per cent of the outstanding deposits as specified in rule 14; and
- ratio of Net Owned Funds to deposits of not more than 1:20.
(If a Nidhi is not complying with clauses (a) or (d) of sub-rule (1) above, it shall within thirty days from the close of the first financial year, apply to the Regional Director in Form NDH-2 along with fee specified in Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014 for extension of time and the Regional Director may consider the application and pass orders within thirty days of receipt of the application.)
(1) A Nidhi may open branches, only if it has earned net profits after tax continuously during the preceding three financial years.
(2) Subject to the provisions contained in sub-rule (1), a Nidhi may open up to three branches within the district.
(3) If a Nidhi proposes to open more than three branches within the district or any branch outside the district, it shall obtain the prior permission of the Regional Director and an intimation is to be given to the Registrar about opening of every branch within thirty days of such opening.
(4) No Nidhi shall open branches or collection centres or offices or deposit centres, or by whatever name called outside the State where its registered office is situated.
(5) No Nidhi shall open branches or collection centres or offices or deposit centres, or by whatever name called unless financial statement and annual return (up to date) are filed with the Registrar.
(6) A Nidhi shall not close any branch unless it—
(a) publishes an advertisement in a newspaper in vernacular language in the place where it carries on business at least thirty days prior to such closure, informing the public about such closure;
(b) fixes a copy of such advertisement or a notice informing such closure of the branch on the notice board of Nidhi for a period of at least thirty days from the date on which advertisement was published under clause (a) ; and
(c) gives an intimation to the Registrar within thirty days of such closure.
(1) The fixed deposits shall be accepted for a minimum period of six months and a maximum period of sixty months.
(2) Recurring deposits shall be accepted for a minimum period of twelve months and a maximum period of sixty months.
(3) In case of recurring deposits relating to mortgage loans, the maximum period of recurring deposits shall correspond to the repayment period of such loans granted by Nidhi.
(4) The maximum balance in a savings deposit account at any given time qualifying for interest shall not exceed one lakh rupees at any point of time and the rate of interest shall not exceed two per cent above the rate of interest payable on savings bank account by nationalised banks.
(5) A Nidhi may offer interest on fixed and recurring deposits at a rate not exceeding the maximum rate of interest prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India which the Non-Banking Financial Companies can pay on their public deposits.
(6) A fixed deposit account or a recurring deposit account shall be foreclosed by the depositor subject to the following conditions, namely:—
(a) a Nidhi shall not repay any deposit within a period of three months from the date of its acceptance;
(b) where at the request of the depositor, a Nidhi repays any deposit after a period of three months, the depositor shall not be entitled to any interest up to six months from the date of deposit;
(c) where at the request of the depositor, a Nidhi makes repayment of a deposit before the expiry of the period for which such deposit was accepted by Nidhi, the rate of interest payable by Nidhi on such deposit shall be reduced by two per cent from the rate which Nidhi would have ordinarily paid, had the deposit been accepted for the period for which such deposit had run:
Provided that in the event of death of a depositor, the deposit may be repaid prematurely to the surviving depositor or depositors in the case of joint holding with survivor clause, or to the nominee or to legal heir with interest up to the date of repayment at the rate which the company would have ordinarily paid, had such deposit been accepted for the period for which such deposit had run.
(1) A Nidhi shall provide loans only to its members.
(2) The loans given by a Nidhi to a member shall be subject to the following limits, namely:—
(a) two lakh rupees, where the total amount of deposits of such Nidhi from its members is less than two crore rupees;
(b) seven lakh fifty thousand rupees, where the total amount of deposits of such Nidhi from its members is more than two crore rupees but less than twenty crore rupees;
(c) twelve lakh rupees, where the total amount of deposits of such Nidhi from its members is more than twenty crore rupees but less than fifty crore rupees; and
(d) fifteen lakh rupees, where the total amount of deposits of such Nidhi from its members is more than fifty crore rupees:
Provided that where a Nidhi has not made profits continuously in the three preceding financial years, it shall not make any fresh loans exceeding fifty per cent of the maximum amounts of loans specified in clauses (a), (b), (c) or (d).
Provided further that a member shall not be eligible for any further loan if he has borrowed any earlier loan from the Nidhi and has defaulted in repayment of such loan.
(3) For the purposes of sub-rule (2), the amount of deposits shall be calculated on the basis of the last audited annual financial statements.
(4) A Nidhi shall give loans to its members only against the following securities, namely:—
(a) gold, silver and jewellery:
Provided that the re-payment period of such loan shall not exceed one year.
(b) immovable property:
Conditions: Provided that the total loans against immovable property [excluding mortgage loans granted on the security of property by registered mortgage, being a registered mortgage under section 69 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 (IV of 1882)] shall not exceed fifty per cent of the overall loan outstanding on the date of approval by the board, the individual loan shall not exceed fifty per cent of the value of property offered as security and the period of repayment of such loan shall not exceed seven years.
(c) fixed deposit receipts, National Savings Certificates, other Government Securities and insurance policies:
Provided that such securities duly discharged shall be pledged with Nidhi and the maturity date of such securities shall not fall beyond the loan period or one year whichever is earlier:
Provided further that in the case of loan against fixed deposits, the period of loan shall not exceed the unexpired period of the fixed deposits.
(d) Rate of interest: The rate of interest to be charged on any loan given by a Nidhi shall not exceed seven and half per cent above the highest rate of interest offered on deposits by Nidhi and shall be calculated on reducing balance method.
G. Rules relating to Directors:
(1) The Director shall be a member of Nidhi.
(2) The Director of a Nidhi shall hold office for a term up to ten consecutive years on the Board of Nidhi.
(3) The Director shall be eligible for re-appointment only after the expiration of two years of ceasing to be a Director.
(4) Where the tenure of any Director in any case had already been extended by the Central Government, it shall terminate on expiry of such extended tenure.
(5) The person to be appointed as a Director shall comply with the requirements of sub-section (4) of Section 152 of the Act and shall not have been disqualified from appointment as provided in section 164 of the Act.
Nidhi shall not declare dividend exceeding twenty five per cent or such higher amount as may be specifically approved by the Regional Director for reasons to be recorded in writing and further subject to the following conditions, namely:—
(a) an equal amount is transferred to General Reserve;
(b) there has been no default in repayment of matured deposits and interest; and
(c) it has complied with all the rules as applicable to Nidhis.
(1) No Nidhi shall appoint or re-appoint an individual as auditor for more than one term of five consecutive years.
(2) No Nidhi shall appoint or re-appoint an audit firm as auditor for more than two terms of five consecutive years:
Condition: Provided that an auditor (whether an individual or an audit firm) shall be eligible for subsequent appointment after the expiration of two years from the completion of his or its term.
J. Auditor’s certificate:
The Auditor of the company shall furnish a certificate every year to the effect that the company has complied with all the provisions contained in the rules and such certificate shall be annexed to the audit report and in case of non-compliance, he shall specifically state the rules which have not been complied with.
K. Power to enforce compliance:
(1) For the purposes of enforcing compliance with these rules, the Registrar of companies may call for such information or returns from Nidhi as he deems necessary and may engage the services of chartered accountants, company secretaries in practice, cost accountants, or any firm thereof from time to time for assisting him in the discharge of his duties.
(2) In respect of any Nidhi which has violated these rules or has failed to function in terms of the Memorandum and Articles of Association, the concerned Regional irector may appoint a Special Officer to take over the management of Nidhi and such Special Officer shall function as per the guidelines given by such Regional Director:
(Provided that an opportunity of being heard shall be given to the concerned Nidhi by the Regional Director before appointing any Special Officer.)
L. Information to be shown in the application form of Nidhi Companies:
1) Every application form for placing a deposit with a Nidhi shall contain the following particulars, namely:—
(a) Name of Nidhi;
(b) Date of incorporation of Nidhi;
(c) The business carried on by Nidhi with details of branches, if any;
(d) Brief particulars of the management of Nidhi (name, addresses and occupation of the directors, including DIN);
(e) Net profits of Nidhi before and after making provision for tax for the preceding three financial years;
(f) Dividend declared by Nidhi during the preceding three financial years;
(g) Mode of repayment of the deposit;
(h) Maturity period of the deposit;
(i) Interest payable on the deposit;
(j) The rate of interest payable to the depositor in case the depositor withdraws the deposit prematurely;
(k) The terms and conditions subject to which the deposit may be accepted or renewed;
(l) A summary of the financials of the company as per the latest two audited financial statements as given below:
(i) Net Owned Funds
(ii) Deposits accepted
(iii) Deposits repaid
(iv) Deposits claimed but remaining unpaid
(v) Loans disbursed against—
(a) immovable property;
(b) deposits; and
(c) gold and jewellery
(vi) Profit before tax
(vii) Provision for tax
(viii) Profit after tax
(ix) Dividend per share
(m) any other special features or terms and conditions subject to which the deposit is accepted or renewed.
2) The application form shall also contain the following statements, namely:—
(a) in case of Non-payment of the deposit or part thereof as per the terms and conditions of such deposit, the depositor may approach the Registrar of companies having jurisdiction over Nidhi;
(b) in case of any deficiency of Nidhi in servicing its depositors, the depositor may approach the National Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum, the State Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum or District Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum, as the case may be, for redressal of his relief;
(c) a declaration by the Board of Directors to the effect that the financial position of Nidhi as disclosed and the representations made in the application form are true and correct and that Nidhi has complied with all the applicable rules;
(d) a statement to the effect that the Central Government does not undertake any responsibility for the financial soundness of Nidhi or for the correctness of any of the statement or the representations made or opinions expressed by Nidhi;
(e) the deposits accepted by Nidhi are not insured and the repayment of deposits is not guaranteed by either the Central Government or the Reserve Bank of India; and
(f) a verification clause by the depositor stating that he had read and understood the financial and other particulars furnished and representations made by Nidhi in his application form and after careful consideration he is making the deposit with Nidhi at his own risk and volition.
(3) Every Nidhi shall obtain proper introduction of new depositors before opening their accounts or accepting their deposits and keep on its record the evidence on which it has relied upon for the purpose of such introduction.
(4) For the purposes of introduction of depositors, a Nidhi shall obtain documentary evidence of the depositor in the form of proof of identity and address as under:
(a) Proof of Identity (any one of the following)
(ii) Unique Identification Number
(iii) Income-tax PAN card
(iv) Elector Photo Identity Card
(v) Driving licence
(vi) Ration card
(b) Proof of address (any one of the following)
(ii) Unique Identification Number
(iii) Elector Photo Identity Card
(iv) Driving licence
(v) Ration card
(vi) Telephone bill
(vii) Bank account statement
(viii) Electricity bill
Let us recapitulate some of the important provisions of Nidhi Company:
- Fixed deposit can be accepted for atleast 6 months and sixty months maximum(Half year to 5 years).
- Recurring deposit can be accepted for atleast 12 months and sixty months maximum(1 year to 5 years).
- A Nidhi may offer interest on fixed and recurring deposits at a rate not exceeding the maximum rate of interest prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India which the Non-Banking Financial Companies can pay on their public deposits, which is 12.5% at current.
- The rate of interest on saving accounts shall not exceed two per cent above the rate of interest payable on savings bank account by nationalised banks, which is 4% at current.
- The rate of interest to be charged on any loan given by a Nidhi shall not exceed seven and half per cent above the highest rate of interest offered on deposits by Nidhi and shall be calculated on reducing balance method(up to maximum 7.5% above rate of interest being paid on deposit by the nidhi company).
- Nidhi shall not declare dividend exceeding twenty five per cent or such higher amount as may be specifically approved by the Regional Director for reasons to be recorded in writing.
- A Nidhi may open branches, only if it has earned net profits after tax continuously during the preceding three financial years and a Nidhi may open up to three branches within the district.
- If a Nidhi proposes to open more than three branches within the district or any branch outside the district, it shall obtain the prior permission of the Regional Director and an intimation is to be given to the Registrar about opening of every branch within thirty days of such opening.
- No Nidhi shall open branches or collection centres or offices or deposit centres, or by whatever name called outside the State where its registered office is situated.
This is one of the Best Article ever written on special provisions relating to Nidhi Companies in India. The Article describes main provisions of Nidhi Rules, 2014 and provisions relating to Nidhi companies as mentioned in Company act, 2013.
Download a copy of Nidhi Rules, 2014 from here:
THis article is written, compiled and presented by Prince Kunal. He is a company secretary working at Meerad business Solutions, the best company registration company of Patna, Bihar, India.
Requirement for registration of Public Limited Company in India Patna Bihar Jharkhand:
Checklist for Registration of Nidhi Company in India Patna Bihar Jharkhand-
- Minimum 7 Shareholders
- Minimum 3 Directors
- The directors and shareholders can be same person
- Minimum Share Capital shall be Rs. 500,000 (INR Five Lac)
- DIN (Director Identification Number) for all the Directors
- DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) for all of the Directors
This article is written by: ACS Prince Kunal
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